7 Steps to Help Lower Blood Pressure
Here are 7 steps you can take this month to get started on the right path to help lower blood pressure and heart health.
1. Lose weight and/or maintain a healthy weight
Maintaining a healthy weight or losing weight will help lower your BP and make any medication you take to treat high blood pressure more effective. One of the easiest ways to evaluate your weight is by calculating your body mass index (BMI).
2. Increase your physical activity
By being regularly active you will strengthen your heart. By strengthening your heart, your heart will be able to pump blood more efficiently which means less force against your artery walls. Physical activity can decrease systolic BP 5 to 10 mm Hg. Regular physical activity will also help you to maintain normal BP levels.
3. Limit caffeine intake
Caffeine contacted in 24-36 ounces of coffee (2-3 cups) can increase systolic BP (top number) 3-14 mm Hg and diastolic BP (bottom number) 4-13 mm Hg. This increase is usually short term; however, if you have hypertension it is best to limit your caffeine intake.
4. Manage stress
Research has not found a direct link between stress and elevated blood pressure; however, the behaviors stress elicits do impact BP, such as overeating, lack of sleep, and alcohol consumption, do affect BP.
5. Reduce your alcohol intake
If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation. Which means more than two drinks daily for men and one for women can elevate blood pressure. One drink is equal to 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine, or 1 ? ounces of 80-proof distilled spirits.
6. Stop smoking
The nicotine in cigarettes narrows your blood vessels. This increases your hearts work load which raises BP. Another complication is the carbon monoxide in cigarettes takes the place of some oxygen in your blood. This means the heart must work even harder to circulate enough oxygen leading to elevated BP. There are over 4800 chemicals in cigarettes; no level of smoking is “safe” for the health of your heart.
7. Consult your physician
You must work with your physician to ensure that your treatment plan is appropriate for your situation. If you have been on blood pressure medication for awhile this is a great time to discuss your treatment plan and determine if any adjustments need to be made for optimal results.
Out of these 7 steps, which will you implement?